English Toy Spaniel

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English Toy Spaniel


Bred to be the companion of kings, the English Toy Spaniel feels happiest when spend time taking slow strolls or snuggling with their favorite people. They have quiet and peaceful demeanor, which makes them wonderful support dogs. They are affectionate at home and exuberant and curious at play with their beloved people.

Other Names King Charles Spaniel
Color Black & Tan, Black White & Tan, Red, Red & White
Height Males: 9-11 inches. Females: 9-11 inches.
Weight Males: 8-14 pounds. Females: 8-14 pounds.
Life Span 10-12 years
Personality Gentle, Playful, Intelligent
Exercise Regular Exercise
Popularity #139
Groom Needs 2-3 Times a Week Brushing
Kids Friendly Yes
Dog Friendly Yes
Watch Dog
Family Dog Yes
Litter Size 5 pups

English Toy Spaniel Pictures

English Toy Spaniel Video


One little dog that really steals peoples’ hearts is the English toy spaniel who is so cuddly and happy. He might look similar to his cousin, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, but the two breeds are quite distinct. The English toy spaniel just wants to follow you around wherever you go, and if you stop walking, he will just flop down right there on your feet! He loves to be adored, asking for much companionship, so no alone time for this dog. They are energetic little dogs, but don’t require huge amounts of exercise – just a daily walk or two will do him well. He gets on well with children but doesn’t like any roughhousing from them or other pets. He stands around 10 inches at the shoulders and weighs around 14 pounds. With either straight hair or slightly wavy, his hair is soft, glossy, and silky in white with red or chestnut marks. He might bark at strangers around and even bite someone who makes him scared but that’s about all to his watchdog abilities.

Living with English Toy Spaniel

With long, silky coat, the English Toy Spaniels are considered to be average shedders and they usually requires little in the way of grooming. Regular trimming around the face, feet, and other areas can keep your English Toy Spaniel looking neat.

Bath once or twice a month, using a high-quality shampoo to keep his coat silky. Comb him out weekly to prevent mats and tangles, especially those that form behind the ears, elbows, and back legs. It doesn’t hurt to wash his face daily — mainly to prevent him from doing it himself by rubbing it on your furniture.

A short, daily brushing with attention to small tangles can keep your English Toy Spaniel’s silky coat from matting. A more thorough brushing once a week can help keep their coat silky and fresh smelling.

Clean ears regularly with a damp warm cloth and run a cotton swab around the edge of the canal. Never stick the cotton swab into the actual ear canal. Trim his nails every month or so to prevent painful cracking.

Brush your English Toy Spaniel’s teeth several times a week to keep oral health. Of course daily brushing will be better.

English Toy Spaniels are moderately active. Their daily exercise needs are met with several short walks, a few excursions to explore the yard, or even games of toss in the living room.

English Toy Spaniels are deeply attached to their families, and become anxious and miserable if forced to spend time away from them. They are easygoing dogs who make excellent companions for city dwellers in small apartments who can provide the dogs with daily walks on lead. 

English Toy Spaniel enjoys slow walks around the neighborhood, and getting fresh air in the yard. They are not ideal walking companions because they can suffer from joint problems, and long walks can aggravate any problems they may have.

The ETS is not tolerant of hot weather and should not be left outdoors on warm or humid days. Provide air conditioning for your English Toy Spaniel when it is very hot and humid outdoors, because their brachycephalic muzzles put them at risk of overheating.

The English Toy Spaniel should be fed a high-quality dog food, but the amount should vary with the dog’s age, size, activity level and metabolism. The recommended daily amount is about 0.5 to 1 cup, divided into two meals.

The quality of dog food you buy also makes a difference — the better the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing your dog and the less of it you’ll need to shake into your dog’s bowl.

Give table scraps sparingly, if at all, especially avoiding cooked bones and foods with overly high fat content. 

Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. 

Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.

Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet.

English Toy Spaniels are generally healthy dogs, but there are several health and genetic screening considerations conditions specific to the breed, including patellar luxation, cleft palate, skin conditions, leg-calve-perthes disease, fused toes, open fontanel, ‘lazy tongue’ (a protruding tongue) and early-onset tooth decay. 

Some English Toy Spaniels may suffer from heart conditions, including patent ductus arteriosus and mitral valve insufficiency.

The English Toy Spaniel’s ears should be checked regularly for signs of infection, and the teeth should be brushed often, using a toothpaste designed for dogs.

There are several health tests considerations specific to the breed, such as cardiac exam and ophthalmologist evaluation. Responsible breeders test all breeding stock for conditions that can affect the breed. Regular visits to the vet for checkups and parasite control help to ensure the dog a long, healthy life.

Total Annual Cost: $2406.6

Cost is estimated for the first year and may vary depending on many factors, such as dog food, health care, leash, collar, licensing, possible fencing, crates, training and obedience classes, dog-walking, grooming, treats, toys, flea, tick, and heart-worm meds, microchips, etc.

English Toy Spaniels are pretty bright dogs with a strong desire to please their owners however. However they have a short attention span. To keep this breed interested during training sessions, delectable treats are necessary.

Early socialization and puppy training classes are recommended and help to ensure that the English Toy Spaniels grows into a well-adjusted, well-mannered companion.

Advanced training in dog sports, obedience, and agility is a good way to keep English Toy Spaniels off the couch now and then. Keep in mind, they are not athletes and their short muzzles make them prone to overheating. Always keep exercise and training sessions short, and don’t train them on hot or humid days.

The English Toy Spaniel will hunt down the comfiest spot in the house, and chase birds and squirrels in the yard, but that’s about it. Leash training can be particularly difficult since they prefer being off leash, but it is important to keep your English Toy Spaniel on lead whenever he’s not in a fenced area since he can be easily injured by other dogs. 

Housetraining an English Toy Spaniel can be an easy task as well, and many have been successfully trained to potty on paper when nightly walks or a yard are not available. They are companion dogs and should never be left outside or in a kennel.

They can be stubborn during training; patience, consistency, and a positive, gentle approach are keys to success. Harsh methods are never appropriate for this sensitive, trusting breed.


The English toy spaniel originates in England – he goes back already to the 15th century. Experts of the English toy spaniel say the breed was likely to come from Japan or China. 

In England, Queen Elizabeth’s physician referred to the English toy spaniel as “Spaniel Gentle” or the “Comforter”. That’s just what this little dog epitomizes. 

In the 1800s, breeders wanted to revamp the King Charles spaniel. They wanted to cross it with Asian toy breeds like the Japanese Chin. These changes were what gave rise to the English toy spaniel in the United States. They were so popular that they overtook the popularity of the older style King Charles Spaniels.

As like many other dogs, the English toy spaniel numbers started dwindling around World War II but were rescued from near extinction by lovers of the breed. 

Outside of the USA, the English toy spaniel is known as the King Charles spaniel, but in the UK, the King Charles spaniel and the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel are known as “the two royal Spaniels.”

Evidence shows that Mary I, Queen of Scotland took the first toy spaniels with her from France to Scotland in the 16th century. They proved popular with the wealthy, serving as companion dogs.

King Charles II, in the 17th Century, adored these dogs; that’s why the breed became known as the King Charles spaniel.

He was registered at the American Kennel Club in 1886. 

Helpful Information


Breed Club Link: http://www.englishtoyspanielclubofamerica.org/

Breed Club Rescue: 

Breed Club Rescue Link: https://englishtoyspaniel.rescueme.org/